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PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM ENEMIES

Animals use special characteristic and behaviour to protect themselves from their enemies

Special Characteristics Of Animals

a) Hard Shells
b) Hard Scales
c) Sharp Claws
d) Poisons
e) Horns
f) Spines

Special Behaviour of Animals

a) Curl up body
b) Camouflage
c) Break off parts of body
d) Hide its body into shells
e) Live in groups


PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM EXTREME WEATHER

Animals have specials characteristic and behavior which enable them live in extreme weather (Hot and Cold weather)

Special characteristics 

a) Thick fur (to reduce the heat released from the body)
 
b) Thick of fat layer (to keep the body warm and reduce the heat released from body)

c) Hump (The fat kept in the hump is source of food and water which enable the animals to live without food and water for a very long time)


Special Behavior

a) Migrate (migrate to warmer areas)

b) Hibernate (sleeping all day and night during winter season and become less active to reduce hunger)


SURVIVAL OF THE SPECIES

1. Survival of the species means the ability of animals to keep their species from extinction.

2. Animals reproduce by either LAYING EGGS or GIVING BIRTH to their young for survival of
their species

3. Animals need to protect their eggs and young to ensure survival of the species

Ways of the animals take care of their eggs

a) Hiding the eggs (lizard, grasshopper) 
b) Laying many eggs  (turtle, mosquito)
c) Slimy eggs (frog)
d) Incubating the eggs (chicken, penguin)
e) Taking care of the eggs (duck, snake)

Ways of the animals take care of their young

a) Suckle their young (cow, goat)
b) Carry their young in a pouch (kangroo)
c) Move in groups (elephant, deers)
d) Carry their young in the mouth (crocidle) 
e) Feed their young (bird)
f) Attack their enemies (chicken)


THE IMPORTANCE OF SURVIVAL OF THE SPECIES

1. To ensure the species still exist in the world

2. If animals do not take care or protect their eggs and young, the species will become extinct and disappear from this world

3. Animals are also important to human as their sources of foods and other needs

THE FOOD RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIVING THINGS

Food Chan

1. Plant produce their own food

2. Animals get their food from plants (creates a food relationship between the living things in a habitat)

3. The type of relationship is known as FOOD CHAIN



--> known as EAT BY

Types of Habitat

a) Jungle
b) Pond
c) Field
d) Sea

Example of Food Chain

a) Jungle
 Plant --> mouse deer --> tiger

b) Pond
    waterweed --> tadpole --> fish --> kingfisher

Food web

1. Food web is a combination of a few food chain in a habitat

2. Food web exists because there are animals which eat more than one type of food



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